What is Fixed Budget? Definition Advantages Disadvanages

Pesma Diana

Although these bills are consistent each month, you may still be able to lower their costs. If you’re signed up for a monthly service that you rarely use, there may be an alternative plan with a lower price. For example, consider a cheaper gym membership or a different streaming service. Additionally, shop around for alternative car insurance, health insurance, life insurance and homeowners or renters insurance plans to save more money. For example, management’s estimates of revenues are rarely accurate. It’s extremely difficult to predict future demand and growth of an industry; so predicted values rarely match the actual numbers for a period.

Since fixed expenses don’t change, it’s easier to budget for these items. Your mortgage, loan payments, and property taxes are examples of fixed expenses. A flexible budget allows you to change how much you spend in various categories each month depending on your income.

  • This won’t lower your outstanding balance, but it will keep it from mushrooming as fast.
  • Call the card company and ask for a reduction in the annual percentage rates (APR).
  • Budgeting is not synonymous with spending as little money as possible or making yourself feel guilty about every purchase.
  • It tries to rectify some of the shortcomings in the traditional budget.
  • You’ve accomplished all of the above, even putting together a nice spreadsheet that lays out your budget for the next 15 years.

Z Ltd. had a profit plan approved for selling 5,000 units per month at an average selling price of Rs. 10 per unit. The budgeted variable cost of production was Rs. 4 per unit and the fixed costs were budgeted at Rs. 20,000, the planned income being Rs. 10,000 per month. Due to shortage of raw materials, only 4,000 units could be produced and the cost of production increased by 50 paise per unit.

You will create your budget in advance based on the prior year’s expenses, income or other known data. The fixed budget is not effective for evaluating the performance of cost centers. If you could use some more breathing room in your budget, finding ways to save each month can help. How you approach saving money can vary, based on whether you’re trying to cut your fixed or variable expenses.

Fixed Budget and Flexible Budget: Difference Between for Small Businesses

Here, actual revenues and other cost details are placed during or after the completion of a financial period.Flexible budget is prepared from fixed budget and is therefore known as revised budget. Once after preparation of flexible budget, management compare actual figures and determine variances. Performing this activity helps management to analyse reasons for deviations at an early stage and take suitable corrective actions at the earliest. Basic objective of flexible budget is to develop a standard level of costs which should be incurred for actual manufacturing outputs.

For instance, it’s easy to adjust your food spending or your entertainment spending, but you may have to move or refinance to adjust your monthly rent or mortgage payment. A fixed budget, also known as a static budget, is a budget that does not change or adjust to the actual volume of output produced or sales levels achieved. Once it’s set, the budgeted amounts for revenues and expenses remain unchanged regardless of actual business performance.

At a corporation, the top management reviews the budget and submits it for approval to the board of directors. When Mr. Carter later on became President of the U.S.A., ZBB was tried in federal budgeting as a means of controlling state expenditure. The use of zero-base budgeting (ZBB) as a managerial tool has become increasingly popular since the early 1970s. It is steadily gaining acceptance in the business world because it is proving its utility as a tool integrating the managerial function of planning and control.

Baca juga : 

What Is a Budget? Plus 10 Budgeting Myths Holding You Back

Be cautious when committing to expenses that might seem variable; you may not be able to get rid of them quickly or easily. You’ll need to separate out fixed vs. variable costs if you are preparing a break-even analysis. This chart shows prices and sales volume for a product and the point at which the product become profitable.


But it’s a tool that can be used by various entities, including governments, businesses, and individuals/households of every income level. Once you have these key points under your belt, you’ll be better prepared at securing your financial future. Those killer interest rates on your credit cards aren’t fixed in stone, for example.

What Is a Fixed Expense?

So think about how you want your future to be and remember that keeping to your budget will help you get there. Adding to your debt load, on the other hand, will mean that your future could be even tighter. The key is to build the fund at regular intervals, consistently devoting a certain percentage of each paycheck toward it, and if possible, putting in whatever you can spare on top.

If you’re not tracking variable expenses regularly, it could be very easy to under- or overestimate how much of your budget you should allocate to them. This is something you can easily do with a budgeting app, however, which can minimize the odds of variable expenses sideswiping your spending plan. But the amount you pay in any given month could be different from previous payments or ones you’ll make in the future. Saving can also be considered a fixed expense if you’re budgeting for it regularly. For instance, you may put $100 into your emergency fund every payday. If you do that consistently and include it as a line item in your budget, you may technically consider it to be a fixed expense if you don’t deviate from your savings habit.

That’s because fixed expenses tend to take up the largest percentage of your budget. So when you lower your fixed expenses, you lower the percentage of your budget that’s devoted to them. This is a great alternative to being frugal with your other spending decisions, such as buying new clothes or lower of cost or market financial definition of lower of cost or market ordering takeout. The reverse of a fixed budget is a flexible budget, where the budget is designed to change in response to variations in activity levels. There tend to be much smaller variances from the budget when a flexible budget is used, since the model tracks much closer to actual results.

Funds are used on priority basis and hence there is better allocation of resources. (4) It focuses management process on analysis and decision-making because it requires managers to review their activities every time when a budget is developed. (3) Zero-base budgeting considers every time alternative ways of performing the same job because zero is taken as a base every time at the preparation of a budget. Thus management has an opportunity to get a critical appraisal of its activities. The Administrative Reforms Commission of India recommended in 1967 the introduction of performance budgeting in major spending departments in India.

Examples of Variable Expenses

Under this approach cost levels of the previous year are often taken as a base to start within, and budget units focus their attention on ascertaining what changes from the previous year are required. Thus, a budget is developed on the basis of incremental changes from the previous year’s figures taken as base. Fixed and flexible budget both are important for any organization. Both these budgets serve different needs and provides guidance for further action. While comparing a fixed budget with the flexible budget we get to know which one is more relevant and of use.

Pesma Diana

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